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OxyContin Addiction: Information and Treatment
Do you have a problem with OxyContin?
The Walid-Robinson Opioid-Dependence (WROD) Questionnaire is based on the World Health Organization and the American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders clinical guidelines for a diagnosis of "dependence."
If you answered yes to three or more of these questions, then please keep reading for further information.
What is OxyContin and How is it Abused?
"Those who abuse OxyContin reportedly go to great lengths—legal or illegal—to obtain the powerful drug." – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
What is OxyContin?
OxyContin is a time-released version of oxycodone produced by the pharmaceutical company Purdue Pharma. It was first introduced to the U.S. market in 1996. It's often prescribed for cancer patients or those with chronic back pain.
Its active ingredient is oxycodone, which is also used in medications such as Percodan or Tylox. The crucial issue however, is OxyContin's potency – while Percodan and Tylox contain 5mg of oxycodone, OxyContin contains between 10 and 80mg in one tablet!
How is OxyContin Abused?
People who abuse OxyContin either crush the pill and ingest it orally, snort it, or dilute it in water and inject it. Crushing/diluting the tablet removes the time release action, causing a rapid onset and a strong "high."
OxyContin Abuse: A Serious Problem in the U.S.
Statistics Regarding OxyContin Abuse
Data shows that OxyContin has become a significant drug of abuse in the United States. And that abuse continues to grow.
Short and Long-Term Effects of OxyContin Addiction
Short-term Effects of OxyContin Abuse
Soon after administration, OxyContin can cause a "rush" or euphoric high, as well as sedation. Nausea, vomiting, sweating and weakness can also occur. Overdoses can happen when users remove the time-release coating. Effects can last up to 5 or more hours, depending on how much is ingested.
Long-Term Effects of OxyContin Abuse
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) warns, "With prolonged use of opiates and opioids, individuals become tolerant and may require larger doses, and can become physically dependent on the drugs."
One of the most detrimental long-term effects of OxyContin abuse is addiction itself. Addiction is a chronic disease, characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite negative consequences, and by changes in the brain. OxyContin produces profound degrees of tolerance and physical dependence, which contribute heavily to abuse. Painful withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced abruptly.
If OxyContin is being injected, the user is at risk for HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases, as well as infections and abscesses and acute heart and lung problems. Those who smoke OxyContin can suffer lung damage. Those who snort the drug long-term can suffer damage to the sinuses, nasal membrane and throat.
Treatment for OxyContin Addiction
Rehab Programs for OxyContin Addiction
Support Systems Homes provides several treatment options for OxyContin addiction. Depending on the severity of addiction, we may recommend several of the treatments listed here.
Detoxification helps you clean the drug out of your system. Our staff of nurses and doctors monitors you for withdrawal symptoms in one of our rehab centers.
Support Systems Homes detox staff will helps you manage cravings, get through withdrawal, and link you to a longer-term rehab program, such as residential treatment.
* For opiate abusers, medications containing buprenorphine (i.e. Subutex and Suboxone) can be used in order to mitigate withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification process.
Residential treatment also offers the chance to form support networks with others in recovery, and to learn about making healthy lifestyle choices (nutrition, exercise).
Helping Families and Friends
Because the support of family and friends is so crucial to the recovery process, many Support Systems Homes programs also offer a family program as part of treatment. It's important for family members and loved ones to begin their own healing process. Our treatment center-based family programs can help with this, as can community-based programs such as Nar-Anon.
Maintaining Sobriety Over the Long-TermAftercare:
Although addiction can be treated, even if an addict has been clean for a long time and has regained health, he or she must actively maintain a clean and sober lifestyle. With this in mind, Support Systems Homes offers aftercare to treatment program graduates. Aftercare is generally a regular, facilitated group that helps guide you in long-term recovery efforts.
Community-Based Self-Help Groups:
Call Support Systems Homes for OxyContin Rehabilitation
Freedom from OxyContin addiction is possible. Support Systems Homes' rehab centers provide OxyContin detox (supervised), drug treatment facilities, and supportive living environments for residential & outpatient rehab.
If you or someone you know is addicted to OxyContin and lives in Northern California, call us at (800) 811-1800 to discuss treatment options. Or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Further Resources and Information
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) – Opioids
OxyContin Advisory from SAMHSA
SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI)
Support Systems drug rehabilitation and substance abuse treatment programs provide comprehensive services for recovery from drug addiction, methamphetamine abuse and alcoholism. We provide Suboxone and Subutex opiate detox, drug-free sober living homes and recovery homes, co-occurring disorders and dual diagnosis treatment, plus court and probation approved day and outpatient programs. We serve families from San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Sunnyvale, San Francisco, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Morgan Hill, Milpitas and other cities throughout Northern California.